Unique data center design
Power Loft I @ Innovation uses a two-story design for its facilities, with the raised floor on the second story and the mechanical and airhandling equipment on the ground floor. According to Ruppe, this design maximizes the amount of floor space that can be dedicated to server rack space and improves the efficiency of the cooling system by 50% over conventional designs. “To put this in perspective, our facility in Manassas creates an annual environmental savings equivalent to 270,000 barrels of oil or 571 railroad cars of coal, which is enough electricity to power more than 12,000 homes for one year,” he says.
In the event of a utility outage, Power Loft I @ Innovation’s first line of defense is its UPS system—five HiTec rotary UPS units powered by mtu engines and several static UPS units totaling 9 MW of uninterruptible power for critical loads. The UPS system bridges the time it takes to start the mtu standby power system.
The standby generators installed in the first phase of the facility’s construction are located in a mechanical building adjacent to the data center. The installation features the use of remote radiators on the generator sets to realize several benefits. “By using remote radiators, we freed up more space in the mechanical building for switchgear and generators,” says Ruppe. “In addition, with the radiators outside the building, we were able to reduce the amount of outside air required for cooling. Lastly, the remote radiators allow the generator sets to start a little quicker because there is no mechanical load from the radiator fan.”
Doing the right thing environmentally
As part of Power Loft I @ Innovation’s green initiative, the standby diesel generators that were installed in the first phase were outfitted with selective catalytic reduction (SCR) exhaust aftertreatment equipment. This aftertreatment device significantly reduces the amount of nitrogen oxides in the diesel exhaust, resulting in emissions that are significantly lower than EPA requirements for standby power applications.
“The original standby generator sets were outfitted with SCR, and the most recent phase of standby power is set up to readily accept SCR,” says Ruppe. “We did that because targeted Government and contractor tenants want to be green, and we want to do the right thing. We intend to eventually operate all of our standby units with SCR, so we’ve designed all of the generator sets to accept SCR and diesel particulate filter aftertreatment equipment.”
The four most recently installed generator sets are located outdoors in custom-designed enclosures, according to Bill Pearson, key accounts manager with Western Branch Diesel, the local distributor for mtu. “These generators are set up so Power Loft can easily adapt them for SCR without having to modify the enclosures.”
The outdoor enclosures are also sound-attenuated to 75 dBA and include day tanks, transformers and lighting for easier generator maintenance. Both the generator sets and the enclosures are certified to IBC seismic standards to withstand earthquakes. When a rare 5.2 earthquake hit Virginia in August of 2011, the Power Loft I @ Innovation facility was unaffected. According to Ruppe, “We didn’t even lose utility power.”
Power Loft I @ Innovation expects to add more and more servers as its customer base grows, and more servers mean the facility’s standby power needs will grow too. In addition to the 24 MW of standby generation installed now, an additional 26 MW may be installed over the next few years, says Ruppe. And with the positive experience Power Loft has had with their current standby units, chances are that more generator sets from mtu will be backing up this environmentally conscious data center.